The Committee on the Status of Women in India ( CSWI )
recommended nearly two decades ago, the setting up of a National Commission for
women to fulfill the surveillance functions to facilitate redressal of
grievances and to accelerate the socio-economic development of women.
Successive Committees / Commissions / Plans including the National Perspective
Plan for Women (1988-2000) recommended the constitution of an apex body for
During 1990, the central government held consultations with
NGOs, social workers and experts, regarding the structure, functions, powers
etc.of the Commission proposed to be set up.
In May 1990, the Bill was introduced in the Lok Sabha.
In July 1990, the HRD Ministry organized a National Level
Conference to elicit suggestions regarding the Bill. In August 1990 the
government moved several amendments and introduced new provisions to vest the
commission with the power of a civil court.
The Bill was passed and received accent of the President on
30th August 1990.
The First Commission was
constituted on 31st January 1992 with Mrs. Jayanti Patnaik as
the Chairperson. The Second Commission was constituted on July 1995 with Dr. (Mrs.) Mohini
Giri as the Chairperson. The Third Commission was constituted on January
1999 with Mrs. Vibha Parthasarathy as the Chairperson. The Fourth Commission was constituted
on January 2002 and the government had nominated Dr. Poornima Advani as
the Chairperson. The Fifth Commission was constituted on February 2005 Dr. Girija Vyas
as the Chairperson. The sixth Commission was constituted on August 2011 with Mrs. Mamta
Sharma as the Chairperson. The seventh commission has been constituted in
2014 with Ms. Lalitha Kumaramanglam as Chairperson.